1. Henry the Navigator
Infante D. Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu, better known as Prince Henry the Navigator was an important figure in 15th-century Portuguese politics and is regarded as the main initiator of what would be known as the Age of Discoveries. His statue standing at the helm of the monument he is depicted holding a model of a carrack.
2. King Afonso V
Afonso V was called the African (o Africano), who was from 1471 the first king of Portugal to claim dominion over a plural "Kingdom of the Algarves," instead of the singular "Kingdom of the Algarve." which now included territories gained in North Africa.
3. Vasco da Gama
The infamous portuguese explorer who was the first European to reach India by sea. His initial voyage to India (1497–1499) was the first to link Europe and Asia by an ocean route, connecting the Atlantic and the Indian oceans and therefore, the West and the Orient.
4. Afonso Baldaia
Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia explored much of the coast of Western Sahara in 1435–1436 on behalf of the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator. He would later become one of the first colonists of Terceira Island in the Azores.
5. Pedro Álvares Cabral
A nobleman, military commander, navigator and explorer who is regarded as the discoverer of Brazil. Cabral conducted the first substantial exploration of the northeast coast of South America and claimed it for Portugal.
6. Fernão de Megalhães
The explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.