The Igreja de Santa Engrácia offically became the National Pantheon (Panteão Nacional) in 1916. It is now the final resting place of famous Portuguese people including various Presidents of the Republic: Manuel de Arriaga (1840-1917), Teófilo Braga (1843-1924), Óscar Carmona (1869-1951) and Sidónio Pais (1872-1918).
Here too are Humberto Delgado (1906-1965), a former right-wing general who tried to overthrow the dictatorship of the New State before he was assisinaed, writers João de Deus (1830-1896), Almeida Garrett (1799-1854), Guerra Junqueiro (1850-1923), Aquilino Ribeiro (1885-1963) and Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1919-2004), Amália Rodrigues (1799-1854), the famous fado singer, and Benfica soccer star Eusébio (1942-2014).
There are memorials for other Portuguese digintaries: Afonso de Albuquerque (c. 1453-1515), Pedro Álvares Cabral (c. 1467-1520), Luís de Camões (c. 1524-1580), Nuno Álvares Pereira (1360-1431), Vasco da Gama (c. 1460-1524) and Henry the Navigator (1394-1460).
Ongoing concerns about the ability of the church to support such an ambitious dome came to rest finally following the 1910 revolution. The completion of the National Pantheon became a symbol of national pride and the dome was finally finished in 1966. Today it is a distinct landmark in the Alfama. The terrace under the dome offers 360º views across Lisbon and the riverside.
Tuesday – Sunday: 10h00 - 17h00, Monday: CLOSED (last admission at 16h30)
Lisbon Card: FREE